The Ardiaean Kingdom reached its greatest extent under Agron, son of Pleuratus II.
Agron extended his rule over other neighboring tribes as well.
Most of the country is mountainous, including the Albanian Alps in the north, the Korab Mountains in the east, the Ceraunian Mountains in the south and the Skanderbeg Mountains in the center.
The country's coast touches the Adriatic Sea to the northwest and the Ionian Sea to the southwest including the Albanian Riviera.
The name Illyrians seems to be the name applied to a specific Illyrian tribe, which was the first to come in contact with the ancient Greeks during the Bronze Age, causing the name Illyrians to be applied pars pro toto to all people of similar language and customs.
One of the most powerful tribes that ruled over modern Albania was the Ardiaei.
The country's other major cities include Durrës, Vlorë, Sarandë, Shkodër, Berat, Korçë, Gjirokastër and Fier.
The objects found in a cave near Xarrë include flint and jasper objects and fossilized animal bones, while those found at Mount Dajt comprise bone and stone tools similar to those of the Aurignacian culture.
After that the Roman split the region into three administrative divisions.
During that period, the Balkans including Albania, suffered from the dislocation of the Barbarian Invasions.
Archaeologists have come to the conclusion that these regions were inhabited from the middle of the third millennium BC by Indo-European people who spoke a Proto-Greek language.
A part of this population later moved to Mycenae around 1600 BC and founded the Mycenaean civilisation there.