Cafe dating zaandam

Amsterdam's prosperity declined during the 18th and early 19th centuries.The wars of the Dutch Republic with England and France took their toll on Amsterdam.The earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated October 27, 1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V.This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, locks and dams.The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country but is not its capital, which is Haarlem.The metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a population of approximately 8 million.

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The city is also well known for its nightlife and festival activity; several of its nightclubs (Melkweg, Paradiso) are among the world's most famous.In October 2008, historical geographer Chris de Bont suggested that the land around Amsterdam was being reclaimed as early as the late 10th century.This does not necessarily mean that there was already a settlement then, since reclamation of land may not have been for farming—it may have been for peat, for use as fuel.Amsterdam's merchants had the largest share in both the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company.These companies acquired overseas possessions that later became Dutch colonies.The certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme (people residing near Amestelledamme).Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen, Rotterdam, and Utrecht.From the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League.In 1345, an alleged Eucharistic miracle in the Kalverstraat rendered the city an important place of pilgrimage until the adoption of the Protestant faith.Famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza.The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city centre.

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