Albania, a formerly closed, centrally-planned state, is a developing country with a modern open-market economy.
Albania managed to weather the first waves of the global financial crisis but, the negative effects of the crisis caused a significant economic slowdown.
The international community remains committed to Afghanistan's development, pledging over billion at ten donors' conferences between 20.
In October 2016, the donors at the Brussels conference pledged an additional .8 billion in development aid annually from 2017 to 2020.
In cases where an imminent threat exists, immediately contact your local law enforcement agencies and provide them with the threat information.However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us.Submit questions or comments online By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D. 20505 Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties Contact the Office of Inspector General Contact the Employment Verification Office The United States and its partners continue to face a growing number of global threats and challenges.The government has implemented reforms to the budget process and in some other areas.However, many other reforms will take time to implement and Afghanistan will remain dependent on international donor support over the next several years.Corruption, insecurity, weak governance, lack of infrastructure, and the Afghan Government's difficulty in extending rule of law to all parts of the country pose challenges to future economic growth.Afghanistan's living standards are among the lowest in the world.Despite improvements in life expectancy, incomes, and literacy since 2001, Afghanistan is extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid.Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs.Remittances, a significant catalyst for economic growth, declined from 12-15% of GDP before the 2008 financial crisis to 5.8% of GDP in 2015, mostly from Albanians residing in Greece and Italy.The agricultural sector, which accounts for more than 40% of employment but less than one quarter of GDP, is limited primarily to small family operations and subsistence farming, because of a lack of modern equipment, unclear property rights, and the prevalence of small, inefficient plots of land.