If the library of your institution – your university, your court or your bar association – is not registered yet, please submit a short request using our registration page to set up accessions allowing you access free of charge.The unalex board of editors will be happy to receive your feedback and will gratefully accept suggestions or hints about sources still not included in the system, short contributions and commentaries on rulings as well as other authors’ contributions. If retrieval fails applicants remain responsible for the submission of the certified copy of the foreign application. For automatic retrieval by the USPTO via the WIPO DAS, the applicant also must provide to the USPTO the WIPO DAS access code for the priority application.
Use of PDX avoids the fee associated with ordering a certified priority document for each office of subsequent filing and the costs of transmitting those certified copies to foreign associates or foreign intellectual property (IP) offices.The European Patent Office (EPO), the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), the State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China (SIPO), and the USPTO exchange priority documents via Direct Bilateral Exchange. priority application may be provided to a participating office pursuant to 37 CFR 1.14(h)(1) if the application contains written authority granting such access. To be effective, the ADS form containing the appropriate authorization language must be properly signed and be submitted with the filing of the U. Instead, applicants should use form PTO/SB/39 (or an applicant-generated equivalent) to provide or rescind the authorization for access under 37 CFR 1.14(h)(1) after the filing of the application. Applicants should inspect the application filing receipt and request a corrected filing receipt if authorization for access under 37 CFR 1.14(h)(1) was incorrectly captured.The USPTO also exchanges priority documents with other foreign IP offices via the WIPO DAS Exchange (see WIPO DAS Exchange with Participating Offices below). It is important to note that while the KIPO and the SIPO are WIPO DAS participating offices, the USPTO priority document exchange with those offices occurs under the Direct Bilateral Exchange, not the WIPO DAS Exchange. The ADS form (PTO/AIA/14) includes a section allowing applicants to provide the USPTO with authorization to permit a participating office access to a U. An authorization to permit access will not be recorded in design applications and international applications filed with the United States Receiving Office (RO/US). The International Bureau, in its capacity as a WIPO DAS accessing office, may access U. applications in which authorization for access is given. NOTE: For international applications filed with the RO/US, the applicant should check the appropriate item in Box No.Therefore, for these applications, the applicant must use alternative methods to obtain and transmit the certified copies to foreign IP offices. For WIPO DAS accessing offices where a subsequently filed application claims priority to an earlier filed U. application in which authorization for access is given, the applicant must provide the U. application number, filing date, and the WIPO DAS access code (i.e., the 4-digit confirmation number indicated on the filing receipt and electronic acknowledgement receipt of the U. Therefore, for international applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), irrespective of the receiving office chosen, an applicant may request the IB to retrieve via the WIPO DAS a copy of an earlier U. application to which priority is claimed and in which authorization for access is given (PCT Rule 17.1(b-)). VI of the Request (Form PCT/RO/101) to request the RO/US to prepare and transmit to the International Bureau a certified copy of any earlier U. application to which priority is claimed (PCT Rule 17.1(b)). The USPTO is able to retrieve utility patent applications filed with the following participating offices: • (EP) European Patent Office (EPO) effective January 16, 2007 • (KR) Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) effective October 14, 2008 • (CN) State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China (SIPO) effective October 8, 2014 NOTE: International applications filed under the PCT and design applications are not exchanged via Direct Bilateral Exchange.For Direct Bilateral Exchange participating offices where a subsequently filed application claims priority to an earlier filed U. application in which authorization for access is given, the applicant must provide the U. In such case, the applicant must claim priority to the earlier U. application and provide the WIPO DAS access code (i.e., the 4-digit confirmation number) for the earlier U. By notification on April 20, 2009, the USPTO expanded its PDX program by agreement with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to participate in the multilateral exchange of certain priority documents with other IP offices participating in the WIPO Digital Access Service (DAS) for Priority Documents.The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) transmits certain U. priority applications as-filed to any foreign IP office that participates in the priority document exchange program (participating office) and retrieves/accesses certain foreign priority applications as-filed from the participating offices.The priority document exchange program includes two modes of exchange: Direct Bilateral Exchange and World Intellectual Property Organization Digital Access Service (WIPO DAS) Exchange. Please note that an ADS submitted after the filing of an application CANNOT be used to provide or rescind the authorization to permit access. application will indicate whether applicant has provided written authority for access pursuant to 37 CFR 1.14(h)(1).National Bank of Cyprus (Greece) Ltd –  EWCA Civ 413 - (unalex UK-1504) Brussels I Regulation 44/2001 Article 43(5) – Appeal brought against a declaration of enforceability of a (...) read more BGH (DE) 20 December 2017 – XII ZB 333/17- (unalex DE-3570) Brussels IIa Regulation Article 8(1); Hague Child Protection Convention 1996 – Unaccompanied refugee minors (...) read more The latest to private international law through our newsletter.unalex is an international information system on European and International Uniform Law with special emphasis on international private and civil procedural law.For example, where the applicant claims priority to a DE (German Patent and Trademark Office) application, a certified copy of which is contained in an EP application the applicant can file form PTO/SB/38 and, under Option A of that form, request the USPTO to obtain from the EP application file (indicate the country, application number, and filing date) an electronic copy of the certified copy of the DE application (indicate the country and application number). Applicants should inspect the application filing receipt and request a corrected filing receipt if a request to retrieve under 37 CFR 1.55(i) is incorrectly captured.• For Direct Bilateral Exchange, the following paragraph will appear on the filing receipt: Request to Retrieve – This application either claims priority to one or more applications filed in an intellectual property Office that participates in the Priority Document Exchange (PDX) program or contains a proper Request to Retrieve Electronic Priority Application(s) (PTO/SB/38 or its equivalent).