Much like divorce, the stress related to interracial marriages comes from society's disapproval of the unions of two people of different races.
The stress for children comes from a kind of ambiguous ethnicity or conflicts about their dual ethnic identity.
Early childhood educators are aware of the connection between a child's success and his or her racial/ethnic self-esteem.
Identity is an emerging concept for young children.
But Americans ages 50 and older are considerably less likely to have cross-racial friendships, and this difference is largely the result of fewer older whites having black friends.
Just 36% of whites ages 50 to 64 and 32% of whites ages 65 and older report having at least some black friends.
Over the last several decades, the American public has grown increasingly accepting of interracial dating and marriage.
Children of mixed parentage account for a growing population in early childhood programs.
Not surprisingly, given the high levels of acceptance of interracial marriage among Millennials, nearly all 18-to-29-year-olds (93%) agree with the statement “I think it is all right for blacks and whites to date each other.” Pew Research has tracked responses to this question for more than two decades in its study of American political values, most recently in April 2009.
These surveys have found Millennials very accepting of interracial dating since the opinions of this generation first were tracked in 2003 (in 2003, 92% of Millennials agreed that it was all right for blacks and whites to date).
There are no statistically significant differences between older and younger blacks in reports of cross-racial friendships.
For more on the American public’s attitudes about race, including more detailed analysis of attitudes towards interracial marriage, see A Year After Obama’s Election Blacks Upbeat about Black Progress, Prospects.