Now, Isaiah extends those virtues into the promises for His character (Isa 11:2–3), His governance (Isa 11:3–5), and His kingdom (Isa –16). To foresee the promises of God for the coming of the Christ is to break out into song. Daniel is explicit: “And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” This idea is repeated in Daniel and becomes a frequent theme of prophecy (cf. The title of Christ given in Revelation , “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS,” makes it plain that He is supreme ruler over the entire earth.As his final oracle for Judah, Isaiah gives us the song to sing in that day when God’s promises are fulfilled (Isa 12:1–6). The second important characteristic of the millennial rule of Christ is that His government will be absolute in its authority and power.The first tree fell with finality, whereas the second tree has signs of life in the root. The wicked are warned to serve the Lord lest they feel His wrath (Ps -12). the fatling together - Three carnivorous predators will supernaturally coexist with their natural prey in perfect harmony!
The stem, stock or stump of Jesse is a metaphor for the remnant of Jesse's family (and the line of David) who were genuine believers in the Messiah (Note: Salvation in the OT was always by grace through faith just as in the NT - cp Ge 15:6 with Ro 4:3, Ro ) and from whom would arise a Shoot or a Rod (KJV), Who in context is a metaphorical description of the Messiah, also described as the Branch. Isaiah continues the arbor (tree) imagery as he turns from the description of one felled tree (Assyrian) to another felled tree (Judah). Isaiah 11:3-5 assures the poor and the meek that their cause will be dealt with righteously in that day.
(See also Tony Garland's discussion A Remnant Will be Saved) Yet there will be a tenth portion in it (Again a manifestation of the mercy of the LORD to not give even the remnant what they deserved), and it will again be subject to burning, like a terebinth or an oak whose stump remains when it is felled. In this verse God says that Judah will not be completely destroyed. (The Righteous Government of the Millennium) Righteousness… faithfulness the belt - These attributes (like a belt firmly attached to one's body) were intimately associated with the Messiah and affected everything He did. The belt, which gathered the loose garments together, is figurative for the Messiah’s readiness for conflict. The Aramaic Targum (written explanations of Hebrew Scriptures in Western Aramaic for those Jews who had ceased to understand Hebrew) states that Isaiah 11:6 occurs "In the days of the Messiah of Israel." The wolf… For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God (When Messiah returns to defeat evil and establish peace on earth and good will among men! For the creation was subjected to futility (When Adam sinned), not of its own will, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope (absolute assurance that God will do good in the future) that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption (the earth is in a continual state of slow disintegration and decay as a result of sin and God's subjecting creation to futility - all man's efforts as commendable as they are cannot prevent this gradual natural "devolution" - Isaiah's prophecy gives us the sure hope that the curse of Ge , 18, 19 will be reversed by the regeneration at the return of the Righteous Redeemer!
In His great faithfulness to His covenant promises to Abraham and to David (For more on the Davidic Covenant, see 2Sa 7:8-17, 19; 23:5; 1Ki ; 15:4; 2Ki ; 1Chr 17:9-16, 27; ; 2Chr -17; ; 13:5; 21:7; Ps 2:6-8; 89:3, 4; Ps -51; 1, 11, 12; Isa 9:7; 11:1; ; 55:3; Jer ; 23:5, 6; 30:9; -17, 19-26; ; Ezek -25; Hos. Righteousness and faithfulness are His preparation. ) into the freedom of the glory of the children of God (Those who have received Jesus as Redeemer - Jn , 12, 13).
In other words just as a tree may sprout again from a stump, so there would be a faithful remnant of Judah who would survive. (Ro -22) Each animal is coupled with that one which is its natural prey.
In Isaiah , the holy (set apart by God and for God) seed refers specifically to the believing remnant of the tribe of Judah of the family of Jesse from whom the seed of the Messiah would come just as Paul explained in Galatians. A fit state of things under the “Prince of Peace” (Is ; Ezek ; Ho ).