Earliest evidence of human inhabitation comes from the Georgia side of the Savannah River between Augusta and Savannah, where flaked micro-blades have been found dating to 16,000-18,000 BC -- the oldest tools known on the North American continent.
Paleolithic Clovis arrowheads have been discovered in Bartow County dating back some 12,000 years.
A distinct development occurred in Putnam County (Eatonton), Georgia, probably around 500 B. The Putnam County Indians built two similar effigy mounds miles apart.
Today, Rock Eagle and Rock Hawk are the only testimony to this tribe.
This may be do to the advance of the Mississippian culture once again. Starting in 900AD the Mississippian Moundbuilders began to flourish.Unfortunately, no supporting evidence of Paleolithic man has been located in this northwest Georgia county.From this beginning early man spread out across the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of the state.There is indirect evidence that advanced fishing techniques and basic agriculture was used by these Archaic Indians.Woodland Indians (1000 BC - 1000 AD in the Southeastern United States) improved on the rudimentary cultivation techniques of their Archaic Period predecessors.These Mississippian Moundbuilders relied on advanced cultivation to give them time to develop elaborate ceremonies, intricate pottery designs, and a wide-ranging trading network.They flourished in Georgia from 1000 AD to 1450 AD, but by the time de Soto visited (1540) the civilization was in steep decline. According to their own mythology, the Creek Nation came from the West and display many customs similar to the earlier Moundbuilders.An intermediate culture known as Adena built effigy mounds throughout much of the Upper Mississippi, The Hopewell Culture continued the Adena's penchant for building mounds, eventually carrying it throughout the Mississippi watershed.A series of four Hopewell Culture mounds were built in Dade County (northwest Georgia).Archaic sites in the state range from the Savannah River Basin, throughout north Georgia.Artifacts like bone awls from Union County, arrowheads from Dade and Murray County and socketed projectile points from Jenkins County indicate the wide range of man during this period.