August 15; a Spanish military expedition from Santa Fe and their Apache allies are defeated by the Pawnee and their French allies near the principal Pawnee village at the forks of the Platte in present Nebraska. 1730 - While retaining their settlements in the Detroit area, many Wyandots migrate southward and settle on the south shore of Lake Erie.
They gradually assume sovereignty over all the Ohio country between the Great Lakes and the Miami River.
The four nations are at the height of their power in Ouendake (the French Huronia), with 16 towns between Lake Simcoe and Georgian Bay in central Ontario.
Under continuing pressure from British colonists, many Delaware drift west once more, crossing the Alleghenies into western Pennsylvania.Many flee to islands in Georgian Bay; some seek refuge with the Ottawa, Petun, or French, while others become adopted captives of the Iroquois. Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, missionaries to the Petun at St.Jean, are tortured to death by the Iroquois, bringing the number of Jesuit martyrs to five.July 10; the exploring party of Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, camps at the present site of Kansas City, Missouri.The next day he investigates the "crusts of Red Earth" he saw along the banks of the Kansas River.The successful revolt temporarily creates a power vacuum in western North America, which the French are quick to exploit.1682 - April 9; Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, having descended the full length of the Mississippi with an exploring party of 23 Frenchmen and 31 Indians, claims all of the lands drained by the river and its tribu-taries for France and names it Louisiana.July 15; the Delaware sign a treaty with Penn's repre-sentative William Markham at the present site of Germantown, Pennsylvania; Voltaire claims this is the only treaty with the Indians that whites never broke.1701 - July 24; Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is founded by the French.From this point, the Iroquois regard the Delaware as a subserviant people.The Munsee have already separated from the main Delaware group.Petun and Huron refugees leave Ontario, and spend the winter of 1649-50 on Mackinac Island.c.1650 - First French contact with the Shawnee in Tennessee, where they have drifted from Ohio. The Five Nations temporarily control all the lands on either side of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.1673 - In May, Father Marquette and Louis Joliet set out from St.