(In New Orleans such a group is called a krewe.) Although debated by Alabama historians, they may have been descendants of the Native American tribe whose small fortress town, Mabila, was used to conceal several thousand native warriors before an attack in 1540 on the expedition of Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto.
The city's booming businesses attracted merchants from the North; by 1850 10% of its population was from New York City, which was deeply involved in the cotton industry.
Its French Catholic colonial settlers celebrated this festival from the first decade of the 18th century.
Beginning in 1830, Mobile was host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society to celebrate with a parade in the United States.
These additional outbreaks of disease and a series of floods resulted in Bienville ordering that the settlement be relocated in 1711 several miles downriver to its present location at the confluence of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay.
In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Seven Years' War, which Britain won, defeating France.