It is the largest political coalition in the Malaysian lower house after the 2018 general election.From 1968 to 1971, as a student, Anwar was the president of National Union Of Malaysian Muslim Students.At the same time, he was elected as the 2nd President of the Malaysian Youth Council or Majlis Belia Malaysia (MBM).In 1974, Anwar was arrested during student protests against rural poverty and hunger.Shortly after becoming Finance Minister, Euromoney named him as a top four finance minister and in 1996 Asiamoney named him Finance Minister of the Year.
However, he received a royal pardon from Sultan Muhammad V, After his imprisonment and the dissolution of the Pakatan Rakyat, a new opposition coalition named the Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) was formed with Anwar as the de facto leader.
He was Leader of the Opposition between 20, and a founder and leading figure of the People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat).
Anwar served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1993 to 1998 and Finance Minister from 1991 to 1998 when he was a member of UMNO, the major party in the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.
He backed free market principles and highlighted the issue of the proximity of business and politics in Malaysia.
He advocated greater accountability, refused to offer government bail-outs and instituted widespread spending cuts.