At the same time Irving Hexham was working in South African archives on the Afrikaner visionary Johanna Brandt (1876-1964) whose books The Millenium (1918) and Paraclete, or Coming World Mother (1936) talked about such things as he coming Age of Aquarius and feminist spirituality.
Like the African prophets Poewe interviewed, Brandt treasured her global vision and contacts with America and Germany through theosophical type of organizations.
In particular Troeltsch hated American style free churches which he saw as "based on Baptist and Puritan ideas ...Packer, Systematic Theology, Regent College, Vancouver. "The authors have spent years examining new religious movements. Thus they do not write about cults because they find them entertaining or because they are attracted to their messages or lifestyles. This will provide an important thinking point in post-colonial studies of religion. God alone is the eternal substance, the independent principle; apart from the creation of the world nothing exists besides him" (Clark 191).They are fully aware of the immense variety of groups and know the factual and moral complexities involved in characterizing them. They write about them because they think the topic of new religious movements is important." Department of Sociology, University of Washington a. Thus, in taking a strong stand against the use of certain words such writers do not seem to recognize that many of the alternatives they prefer are equally problematic.Second, he was very worried about the fact that under the American system "orthodox" groups, which he argued were always strong among the laity, dominated churches.In his view this orthodoxy was dangerous because it rejected "scientific education." In making this comment he seems to have meant German higher criticism of the Bible (Troeltsch  192) ...We are in the presence of just this phenomenon, for new religions, authenticated by specific local folk religions, are a response to the deep yearnings of urban sophisticates for global folk religions.Their world view aspects, and the newness of their recombination, make any one new religion a global culture ...Thus, Troeltsch argued that on the one hand the old "system of absolute establishment" which created a monopoly situation through the close union of Church and State was dead.On the other hand an American or French style of "disestablishment" was seen by Troeltsch as un German.a democracy that is as individualistic as it is egalitarian, and on an enlightened relativism" (Troeltsch  191).First, Troeltsch didn't think it possible to transplant American ideas to Germany.